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Art Deco Cameras

Standard Robin Hood Stereo

Specification

Standard Robin Hood Stereo
Standard Robin Hood Stereo
Standard Robin Hood Stereo Speckled Bakelite Detail
Robin Hood Speckled Bakelite
Manufacturer: Standard
Produced: 1930s
Classification:Medium Format
Body Type:Solid Body Stereo
Construction:Bakelite
Film Type:Sheet Safety Film
Film Size:4¼" x 1¾"
Image Size:2" x 1⅝" (5.3 x 4.3 cm)
Lens Type:2 x Meniscus
Focal Length:75mm
Focus Type:fixed
Focal Range:9ft - Inf.
Aperture Type :Fixed
Apertures :f/16
Shutter Type:Fixed Speed
Shutter Speeds:I*(1/80s)
Size (w x h x d):115 x 55 x 100 mm
Weight:244g
* Measured on this camera

Art Deco Credentials

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Significant: Pronounced and self evident

Description

Camera Box
Camera Box

The Robin Hood is a stereo camera that was made in the 1930s by Standard Cameras Ltd. of Birmingham, England. It was an inexpensive Bakelite camera that was black with speckles of colour in the finish. It has a decorative metal face plate with a Robin Hood logo. It uses single sheets of film and could take 2 single shots or a stereo pair.

When it came out, it was original and unique. Never before had a camera been offered which took both ordinary and stereoscopic pictures. It was sold with the option of buying a Developing and Printing Outfit. Advertising material at the time suggested that "Even if you bought the World's most expensive camera, you would use similar chemicals to those provided with this outfit and you would go about the matter in the same way." This camera was attractive to budding young scientists and engineers.

Getting images by following every step of the 14 page, small print user manual must have been quite a challenge. Another challenge was that this camera had to be loaded in the dark.

double-barrelled
Double-barrelled body

The camera has two fixed focus meniscus lenses mounted in separate compartments. Sheet film is loaded into the back of the camera in the dark. It has a single-blade spring powered guillotine single speed shutter. A selector on the front allows you to choose to expose frame 1 and frame 2 separately or both simultaneously to produce a stereo image pair. The shutter must be primed by sliding a lever on the face of the camera. The shutter is released using a plunger on the side of the camera. You must then unload the film and reload the camera with another sheet of film in the dark.

It has an integrated waist level bright viewfinder at the front.

Developing and printing your film

The Developing and Printing Outfit must be bought separately and contains developing chemicals, fixing salts, printing paper and a wire printing frame. The back of the camera is used as a printing guide and recepticle for the fluids. A contact print is made from the negative by using electric light or gas light for 5 or 6 seconds. The print is developed in a similar way to the negative using developer and fixing salts.

3-D Viewer
3-D Viewer

Viewing your stereo images

Stereo images can be viewed using a 3-D viewer. Before viewing the two images must be separated and reversed. As it says on the box, "if you have never before taken stereoscopic pictures you will be amazed at the startling reality achieved, which is almost impossible to describe."

How to Use

The User Manual is found here:- Robin Hood Manual.

This camera takes Sheet Film which is not currently available. You can cut your own film sheets from any 120 film - with difficulty.

With a shutter speed of only 1/80 sec, make sure you brace the camera against your body and press the shutter smoothly to avoid camera shake.

If you don't want to bother with an exposure meter, follow the guide shown. It is based on the 'Sunny 16' rule. Film is so forgiving and will produce acceptable results even when over-exposed by 2 or 3 stops or under-exposed by 1 stop.

The table shown assumes the shutter speed is about 1/80s.

The table also assumes that the sun is at least 30 degrees above the horizon - that's 10am - 5pm on a summers day in the UK.

Remember that the exposure guide in the manual may not be helpful as it is based on the use of old film with a low ISO value.

So, you need a nice sunny day for this camera and a lot of patience.

Using ISO 100/125 film - shutter speed 1/80s

Weather ConditionsShadow DetailApertureExposure
Sunny
Snow/Sand
Dark
with sharp edges
f/16+1 Stop
Overexposed
Acceptable
SunnyDistinctf/16Good
Slight OvercastSoft around edgesf/16-1 Stop
Underexposed
Acceptable
OvercastBarely visiblef/16-2 Stops
Underexposed
Not Acceptable
Heavy OvercastNonef/16-3 Stops
Underexposed
Not Acceptable
Open Shade
/Sunset
Nonef/16-4 Stops
Underexposed
Not Acceptable