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Art Deco Cameras

Monarch Lincoln

Specification

Monarch Lincoln
Monarch Lincoln
Manufacturer:Monarch Mfg. Co.
Produced:1939
Classification:Miniature
Body Type:Solid Body
Construction:Bakelite
Film Type:127
Film Width:46mm
ImageSize:1⅝ x 1¼ "
Lens Type:Meniscus
Focus Type:Fixed
Focal Length:50mm
Focal Range:6ft - inf.
Aperture Type:Fixed
Aperture:f/11
Shutter Type : Guillotine type
Shutter Speeds:T & I*(1/50s)
Size (w x h x d):130 x 73 x 56 mm
Weight:160g
* Measured on this camera

Art Deco Credentials

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Noteworthy: Worth giving special attention

Description

The Lincoln camera was sold by the Monarch Manufacturing Company of Chicago Illinois from about 1940. The Lincoln was an inexpensive candid type camera constructed of heavily molded bakelite with a decorative metal faceplate indicating the model name. The Art Deco style is shown by the stepped, curvilinear shape of the Bakelite body. It has a very poor quality plastic strap.

It is a viewfinder camera and is fitted with a Graf meniscus 50mm lens and instantaneous & time shutter. The time function operates as 'Bulb'. This camera is capable of capturing sixteen half frame exposures (3 x 4 cm) on 127 film. An improved Lincoln model can be found with an upgraded f7.7 achromatic lens.

Falcon Miniature
Falcon Miniature

Similar cameras were sold as the Carlton(Utility Co.), Falcon Miniature(Utility Co.), Falcon Minette(Utility Co.), Photo Master, Beauta Miniature and others. A surprising number of simple plastic cameras seem to have originated from Chicago, Illinois, USA. When compared closely, a number of these models (ostensibly coming from different manufacturers) have body styles which look practically identical. It seems quite clear that many of the Chicago camera models emerged from exactly the same set of moulds, casting doubt on the supposed separate identities of their makers.

How to Use

Find the manual for the almost identical Falcon Miniature here. Falcon Miniature Manual

This camera takes 127 film which is still available from select outlets - search for 'Rera Pan 100-127' which is a black & white film. For those photographers in the UK, try Nick & Trick photographic services. If you want to use a particular type of film which is not available commercially, then you can cut your own 127 film from any 120 film. See my page on 'How to cut 127 film from 120 film'.

The two red windows are used to get 16 exposures from 127 film. The film is advanced until a number appears in the first window and an image is taken. Then the film is advanced until the same number appears in the second window. Then it's back to the first window for the next number. Don't forget to cover the windows with black tape except when advancing the film in low light. Modern film is sensitive to red light.

This camera supports Timed mode and Instant with a speed of about 1/50 sec. It has a single aperture settings of f/11. With a shutter speed of only 1/50 sec, make sure you brace the camera against your body or something solid and press the shutter smoothly to avoid camera shake.

If you don't want to bother with an exposure meter, follow the guide shown. It is based on the 'Sunny 16' rule. Film is so forgiving and will produce acceptable results even when over-exposed by 2 or 3 stops or under-exposed by 1 stop.

The table assumes that the sun is at least 30 degrees above the horizon - that's 10am - 5pm on a summers day in the UK.

Remember that the exposure guide in the manual may not be helpful as it is based on the use of old film with a low ISO value.

So, on a nice sunny day, it's simplicity itself. Just load film and snap away.

Using ISO 100/125 film - shutter speed 1/50s

Weather ConditionsShadow DetailApertureExposure
Sunny
Snow/Sand
Dark
with sharp edges
f/11+3 Stops
Overexposed
Acceptable
SunnyDistinctf/11+2 Stops
Overexposed
Acceptable
Slight OvercastSoft around edgesf/11+1 Stop
Overexposed
Acceptable
OvercastBarely visiblef/11Good
Heavy OvercastNonef/11-1 Stops
Underexposed
Acceptable
Open Shade
/Sunset
Nonef/11-2 Stops
Underexposed
Not Acceptable