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Art Deco Cameras

Kodak Six-20 Brownie Junior - US Model


six-20-brownie junior
Kodak Six-20 Brownie Junior
US Model
Manufacturer: Kodak - US
Produced: 1934 - 1942
Classification:Medium Format
Body Type:Box
Film Type:620
Film Width:62mm
Image Size:2¼ x 3¼ in
No. of Images:8
Lens Type:Meniscus
Focus Type:Fixed
Focal Length:90mm
Focus Range:10ft to inf
Aperture Type :Multihole
Aperture :f/16, f/22
Shutter Type:Rotary
Shutter Speeds:B,I*(1/50 sec)
Size (w x h x d):83 x 110 x 130 mm
* Measured on this camera

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The Kodak Six-20 Brownie Junior is a box-type camera from the 1930s. The facade has a strong symmetrical geometric pattern. The body is metal and covered in leatherette. It has two reflecting finders where the image is projected on to frosted glass. There are two versions of the facia. One has it's name on it around the lens, the other is just plain without lettering.

How to Use

This camera takes 620 film which is still available from selected photographic outlets. Although the actual film is the same as 120 film, the spools are different. The 620 spools are slightly shorter and have a smaller diameter. Do not use 120 film in this camera because it will jam and may snap. It is possible to cut down a spool of 120 film to fit or to re-spool some 120 film onto 620 spools in a darkroom or changing bag.

Don't forget to ask for your 620 spool back when getting the film developed.

As the shutter speed is only 1/40s, it is advisable to hold it against a wall or other solid object to get shake free shots. There are no tripod sockets. For quick snapshots, hold it firmly against your body.

If you don't want to bother with an exposure meter, follow the guide shown. It is based on the 'Sunny 16' rule. Film is so forgiving and will produce acceptable results even when overexposed by 2 or 3 stops or underexposed by 1 stop.

The tables assume that the sun is at least 30 degrees above the horizon - that's 10am - 5pm on a summers day in the UK.

Remember that the exposure guide in the manual may not be helpful as it is based on the use of old film with a low ISO value.

The camera has 2 aperture values available controled by a metal tab. Aperture values are:- f/16 (Tab Down); f/22 (Tab Up). If you are not sure about the light level, err on the side of overexposure - i.e. assume the lower light level.

Using ISO 100 film - shutter speed 1/40s

Weather ConditionsShadow DetailApertureExposure
with sharp edges
Tab Up
+1 Stop
SunnyDistinctTab Up
Slight OvercastSoft around edgesTab Down
OvercastBarely visibleTab Down
-1 Stop
Heavy OvercastNoneTab Down
-2 Stops
Not Acceptable
Open Shade
NoneTab Down
-3 Stops
Not Acceptable