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Art Deco Cameras

Kodak Petite - Lightning Bolt

Specification

Kodak Petite - Lightning Design
Kodak Petite - Lightning Bolt
Manufacturer: Eastman Kodak Co.
Produced: 1930
Classification:Medium Format
Body Type:Folding Bed
Construction:Metal
Film Type:127
Film Width:46mm
ImageSize:1⅝ x 2½ in
Lens Type:Meniscus
Focal Length:75mm
Focus Type:Fixed
Focal Range:6ft - inf.
Aperture Type:Multistop
Aperture:f/11, f/16, f/22, f/32
Shutter Type :VP Rotary
Shutter Speeds:T, I*(1/30 sec)
Size Closed (w x h x d):70 x 125 x 24 mm
Size Open (w x h x d):70 x 125 x 100 mm
Weight:306g
* Measured on this camera

Art Deco Credentials

star star star star star
Iconic: Famous, well-known and celebrated

  • Produced during the main Art Deco period.
  • Designed by Walter Dorwin Teague
  • Lightning Bolt design on base plate.
  • Blue and chrome geometric design on lens plate.
  • Smooth covering material with diamond pattern on body.
  • Chrome struts and film door lock.
  • Chrome winder, viewfinder bezel and table stand.
Kodak Petite - Lightning Design Side View
Lightning Bolt Petite

Description

Kodak Petite

The Kodak Petite is a coloured version of the Vest Pocket Kodak Model B and was designed by Walter Dorwin Teague. It was introduced in 1929. It was marketed towards stylish women of the Art Deco period. The basic Kodak Petite was produced in 5 colours: blue, gray, green, lavender and old rose. The body featured a diamond pattern to the covering. The bellows are in a contrasting colour. There were two versions of the camera. One used autographic film which allowed the photographer to add written information using a stylus on the film at the time of exposure. Others were produced without this feature. Some special Art Deco models were produced than had various base board designs in enamel and nickel. Most Petites with coloured bellows have bellows that are not light-tight. Many have been replaced with the more durable black bellows which reduces collector value.

Other styles of Art Deco Base Plate
Kodak Ensemble Base Plates

Kodak Ensemble

The Kodak Petite was the camera used in the vanity Kodak Ensemble. This included a colour-coordinated camera, and typically a lipstick holder, compact, mirror and change purse in a fitted vanity case. The vanity case was made with suede & moire lining. Other sets had different inclusions. It was the autographic camera design that was used in these sets. The baseboard of the camera used in the Ensemble featured an enamel and nickel plate that had various designs but notably a step design and a diamond design with grey bellows. Some particular variants were produced in limited numbers. The grey diamond design is much rarer than the step designs. It was marketed for the holidays as the "gift for the searcher who is looking for something a little different, something novel, but thoroughly practical."

Kodak Coquette

Art Deco Base Plate of Petite Lightning Kodak UK
Lightning Bolt Design

Kodak also produced a Petite with a lightning bolt design as shown above. These are very rare. The body is covered with a smooth teal covering which has a stylised diamond pattern. The bellows are normally blue (camera shown has replacement bellows) and the metal edging is in blue. The graphical work of Walter Teague was also used on the sales box.

The Kodak Coquette was produced from 1930-31. It is a boxed set including a blue Kodak Petite with its special art-deco lightning bolt design, a compact and a lipstick.

Art Deco Base Plate of Petite Lightning Kodak UK

The matching compact had same lightning design but the lipstick holder was blue and silver. Cosmetics were supplied by Coty. It came packaged in a black and silver Deco box. The set is very hard to find and is rarely found complete.

The autographic design was not used for this version of the Petite. The camera was also sold separately.

A green model exists that is even harder to find.

Features

The folding Petite camera is erected by drawing out the lens standard by the knurled finger grips below the shutter. It is drawn out until it clicks into place. It will take 8 1⅝ x 2½ inch images on 127 film. It has a meniscus lens. It has a VP Rotary shutter with instantaneous(I) and time(T) selector. The 'Time' action is more like 'Bulb'. When shooting in Instantaneous mode, the shutter release moves one way for the first image taken and you return the shutter release for the next image. The speeds in the two directions often differ sightly. In the case of the camera above the two speeds were 1/25s and 1/35s. There are 4 diaphram openings (stops) on a circular plate that rotates in front of the lens. The stops are changed by revolving a milled dial.

The complete folding section, including the bed, is formed as a single piece that then fits into the rollfilm back. The two have to be separated to load and remove the film. Film advance is by turn-key and red window. The viewfinder swivels to provide both landscape and portrait framing. There is no tripod mount.

How to Use

Find the manual for the Kodak Petite here:- Manual for Kodak Petite.

This camera uses 127 film which is quite difficult to source except as expired films. For those photographers in the UK, try Nick & Trick photographic services. If you want to use a particular type of film which is not available commercially, then you can cut your own 127 film from any 120 film. See my page on 'How to cut 127 film from 120 film'.

This camera has four aperture settings numbered 1 to 4. These are f/11(1), f/16(2), f/22(3) and f/32(4) which are changed using a rotating wheel found below the face plate. With a shutter speed of only 1/30 sec, make sure you brace the camera against your body or something solid and press the shutter smoothly to avoid camera shake.

If you don't want to bother with an exposure meter, follow the guide below. It is based on the 'Sunny 16' rule. Film is so forgiving and will produce acceptable results even when over-exposed by 2 or 3 stops or under-exposed by 1 stop.

The tables below assume the shutter speed is about 1/30s. If you are not sure about the light level, err on the side of overexposure - i.e. assume the lower light level.

The tables also assume that the sun is at least 30 degrees above the horizon - that's 10am - 5pm on a summers day (May - August) in the UK.

I recommend ISO 400 film in this camera especially in winter.

Using ISO 100/125 Film

Weather ConditionsShadow DetailApertureExposure
Sunny
Snow/Sand
Dark
with sharp edges
f/32(4)+1 Stops
Overexposed
Acceptable
SunnyDistinctf/32(4)Good
Slight OvercastSoft around edgesf/22(3)Good
OvercastBarely visiblef/16(2)Good
Heavy OvercastNonef/11(1)Good
Open Shade
/Sunset
Nonef/11(1)-1 Stop
Underexposed
Acceptable

Using ISO 400 Film

Weather ConditionsShadow DetailApertureExposure
Sunny
Snow/Sand
Dark
with sharp edges
f/32(4)+3 Stops
Overexposed
Acceptable
SunnyDistinctf/32(4)+2 Stops
Overexposed
Acceptable
Slight OvercastSoft around edgesf/32(4)+1 Stop
Overexposed
Acceptable
OvercastBarely visiblef/32(4)Good
Heavy OvercastNonef/22(3)Good
Open Shade
/Sunset
Nonef/16(2)Good