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Art Deco Cameras

Coronet Twelve-20

Specification

Coronet Twelve-20
Coronet Twelve-20
Manufacturer: Coronet
Produced: 1948
Classification:Medium Format
Body Type:Pseudo twin lens reflex box
Construction:Metal, Cardboard, Plastic
Film Type:120/620
Film Width:62mm
Image Size:2¼ x 2¼
Lens Type:Meniscus
Focal Length:75mm
Focus Type:fixed
Focal Range:7ft - Inf.
Aperture Type :Two stops
Apertures :f/16, f/22
Shutter Type:Rotary
Shutter Speeds:T/I*(1/25s)
Size (w x h x d):95 x 120 x 87 mm
Weight:400g
* Measured on this camera

Art Deco Credentials

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Limited: Minor and insubstantial

Description

The Coronet Twelve-20 had a variety of designs having different functions available. Functions included variable focus, flash contacts and variable aperture. The one shown above is the variable aperture model. It can be described as a pseudo twin lens reflex camera. It isn't a true TLR because the top lens is just part of the viewfinder and does not aid focussing.

The body construction is a metal frame and sides, with the front, back, top and bottom made of cardboard. It has a plastic box internally covering the mechanism. The reflex style brilliant viewfinder give a fairly clear image. The viewfinder is provided with a cover.

This model has a T/I shutter. The time mode is selected by pulling out a tab on the side. Another tab is used to select one of two apertures - f/16 or f/22. The depth of focus is quoted on a metal plate on the top of the camera as 8' 6" to infinity for f/16 and 7' 0" to infinity for f/22. It suggests using f/16 for bright sunlight and f/22 for brilliant sunlight. However, this would be using old film which would have had low ISO.

A lever on the side releases the other side of the camera to load the film. Film advance is by a knob on the side and exposures are counted using a red window which does not have a cover. The camera has a dual purpose spindle drive and will accept both 120 and 620 formats. It does not have a tripod mount. It comes with a poor quality plastic strap.

How to Use

This camera takes 120 film which is easily available. It has two aperture settings of f/16 and f/22. With a shutter speed of only 1/25 sec, make sure you brace the camera against your body or something solid and press the shutter smoothly to avoid camera shake.

If you don't want to bother with an exposure meter, follow the guide shown. It is based on the 'Sunny 16' rule. Film is so forgiving and will produce acceptable results even when over-exposed by 2 or 3 stops or under-exposed by 1 stop.

The table shown assumes the shutter speed is about 1/25s.

The table also assumes that the sun is at least 30 degrees above the horizon - that's 10am - 5pm on a summers day in the UK.

Remember that the exposure guide in the manual may not be helpful as it is based on the use of old film with a low ISO value.

Using ISO 100/125 film - shutter speed 1/25s

Weather ConditionsShadow DetailApertureExposure
Sunny
Snow/Sand
Dark
with sharp edges
f/22+2 Stop
Overexposed
Acceptable
SunnyDistinctf/22+1 Stop
Overexposed
Acceptable
Slight OvercastSoft around edgesf/22Good
OvercastBarely visiblef/16Good
Heavy OvercastNonef/16-1 Stop
Underexposed
Acceptable
Open Shade
/Sunset
Nonef/16-2 Stops
Underexposed
Not Acceptable